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What are the most prominent facts about 1850s-1900s religious and ethnic diversity in Britain? Use detail and examples.

In the 1850s the British Empire was at the zenith of its reign over the world. The industrial and agricultural revolutions were also taking hold of the country. In the British Isles, religious diversity expanded at that time due to relaxed religious freedom laws. The largest colony, that of India, had massive diversity when the British overtook it. Because of its industry and location, it became a hub for the British economy.

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By 1850, England was at the height of its power. It was in possession of the largest empire the world had ever seen, and its industrial and manufacturing sectors had developed to a point at which they could change the global economy. Thus, the question of religious and ethnic diversity in Britain during this time is incomplete (in fact, it is utterly incomprehensible) without analysis of its colonial diversity.

In Britain proper (that is, the British Isles), the dominant religion was the Church of England, which practiced a conservative form of Protestantism. Some legislation had relaxed the barriers faced by religious minorities, such as Catholics and Methodists, into the Church community by 1850. The composition of both the clergy and the laity had become more heterogenous. In addition, increasing religious tolerance in the Victorian...

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