What are the major foreign influences on Australia’s political system?

Two major foreign influences on Australia's political system are the United States and the United Kingdom. Australia has combined the political systems of these two countries to create a hybrid system with both a president and a parliament. This parliament is divided into two houses, similar to the United States.

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Australia's political system is unique among democratic countries. While it's parliamentary system is the result of its status as a member of the British Commonwealth, Australia has adapted it significantly to suit its particular needs and circumstances. As a result, the largest foreign influences on Australia's political system have come...

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Australia's political system is unique among democratic countries. While it's parliamentary system is the result of its status as a member of the British Commonwealth, Australia has adapted it significantly to suit its particular needs and circumstances. As a result, the largest foreign influences on Australia's political system have come from the United States as well as the United Kingdom. In fact, the current Australian system is sometimes referred to as the "Washminitser system", combining the words Washington and Westminster. This hybrid system is the direct result of the Australian Constitutional Crisis of 1975. The aftermath of this event led to slight constitutional changes that took aspects of the United States' presidential and federal system and combined it with the parliamentary system that Australia inherited from the United Kingdom.

Like in the United Kingdom, the chief executive sits in on Parliament. However, like in the United States, there is a significant separation of powers between the Executive and Legislative branches. Furthermore, although it still operates as a parliament like that in the United Kingdom, the Australian legislative branch is divided into two houses, as in the American system. This bicameral arrangement was established to help meet the needs of both majority and minority factions within Australia.

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