What are the major differences between the Moschophoros and the Kalbtragerin? What is the reason for these differences?

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The greatest and most obvious difference between the two sculptures is the historical era in which they were created. The Moschophoros (Calf-bearer) is a sixth-century B.C. Greek sculpture found in 1866 on the Acropolis in Athens. It represents a prominent Athenian citizen with a calf draped round his shoulders, a sacrificial offering to Athena, the goddess of wisdom.

The contemporary Serbian artist Aleksandra Domanović draws upon the Moschophoros as inspiration for her own sculpture Kalbträgerin, which is the German for "Calf-bearer". In the name of this contemporary sculpture we can immediately notice a difference from the ancient Greek work. Kalbträgerin is a word applied to a female calf-bearer, whereas the Moschophoros depicts a man.

In Domanović's sculpture the artist uses stylized versions of her own arms and hands in reference to the so-called 'Belgrade Hand', the first articulated hand prosthesis developed in the former Yugoslavia in 1963. This makes her sculpture a good deal more subjective than the Greek work from which she takes her inspiration, a work of art that represents an objective religious rite which transcended the life of the individual to find its meaning among the community as a whole.

Domanović's Kalbträgerin can be seen as an expression of her long-standing interest in how the rapid development of science and technology forces us to challenge our preconceived notions of beauty. She does this by fusing the art and science of radically different historical epochs to form a synthesis that encompasses both while simultaneously transcending them. In that sense, Domanović, in her own way, strives to achieve some measure of timelessness in her work, in much the same way as the sculptor of the Moschophoros.

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