Literary devices are techniques used by writers to enhance their work by creating special effects. To achieve this, authors use figures of speech such as metaphors, similes, personification, and others. Also, a scribe will employ analogy, symbolism, contrast, and various structural conventions. A writer's effective use of literary devices helps the reader to analyze, interpret, and appreciate the author's work.
The most obvious literary device Shakespeare uses in this sonnet is juxtaposition. In the first 12 lines, he deliberately contrasts his love's qualities with those that are ubiquitously used in praise of a lover's virtues. Shakespeare uses distinctively distorted images in opposition to the complimentary pictures lovers usually paint of those they love and desire.
The speaker, for example, mentions:
My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun;
Coral is far more red than her lips' red;
At first reading, it appears as if the speaker is insulting his lover. This trend is extended...
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