What are the main ideas in Dante's Inferno?

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One of the main claims that Dante makes is that the actions one takes in one's physical life will follow one into the afterlife. For example, in the second circle of Hell, the lustful reside—particularly those who have committed the sin of misconduct due to sexual passions. Their punishment is described as being blown about by a "hellish hurricane which never rests." This tempest which blows the sinners about symbolizes their inability to control their lustful urges. They allowed their emotions and urges free rein, prioritizing their desire over their reason and religious morals. Just as they lived satisfying their momentary urges with no guiding values, so are they blown about with no rhyme or reason. In the third circle the gluttonous reside. Those committing the sin of gluttony placed their desire for fulfillment and comfort ahead of all other concerns. Their selfish action of overindulgence in wine or food or other extravagances is punished appropriately in this circle, as Hell...

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