In addition to the literary devices already pinpointed, Achebe also uses the following:
Imagery: Imagery is description using any of the five senses of sight, sound, taste, touch, and smell. Achebe often uses vivid visual imagery that paints a picture, such as in the quote below, in which he describes the ragged appearance of a soldier:
his disreputable rags ... the toes peeping out of one blue and one brown canvas shoes ... the two stars of his rank done obviously in a hurry in biro.
Indirect characterization: In indirect characterization, the narrator does not tell us what a character is like. Instead, we are shown this through his dialogue and behavior. Indirect characterization in this story shows that Jonathan is both resourceful and upbeat as a person. For example, when the ragged solider arrives and wants his bike, Jonathan thinks quickly, and is able to reclaim the bicycle. We learn that he:
produced the two pounds with which he had been going to buy firewood which his wife, Maria,...
(The entire section contains 3 answers and 822 words.)