What are the literary devices (such as simile, hyperbole, etc.), used in Macbeth's soliloquy in act 2, scene 1 of Macbeth? Thank you!

The main literary device in Macbeth's soliloquy in act 2, scene 1 of Macbeth is apostrophe, which is used throughout in addressing the dagger, and later the earth, as well as the sleeping Duncan. Other literary devices include rhetorical questioning, personification, epistrophe, and other types of repetition and allusion.

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The literary devices in Macbeth's soliloquy reflect the perturbation of his mind. He begins with a rhetorical question, then, in a technique which is to recur throughout the passage, apostrophizes the dagger, questioning it directly, despite the fact that he has not decided whether it exists.

Macbeth employs apostrophe again and again as he questions the dagger with an assumption of sentience that amounts to personification. He also repeats the words "I see thee still" as epistrophe at the end of two lines, varying this slightly to "I see thee yet" at the beginning of another.

The focus on the dagger at the beginning of the soliloquy is obsessive, but at the end, after he has sharply told himself that there is no such thing, Macbeth turns his attention outwards with allusions, first to Hecate, Queen of the Witches (who is, in fact, a character in the play, though there is no indication that Macbeth knows this), then to Tarquin, the son of the last Roman king. The reference to Tarquin is a...

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