What are the literary devices and techniques used in "Ash Wednesday"?

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The poem employs various literary devices and techniques, some of which are outlined below.

Personification: In the last stanza of part 2, the bones are personified to illustrate the sins of the speaker, as well as the consequences of his iniquities. The speaker says,

Under a juniper-tree the bones sang, scattered and shining
We are glad to be scattered, we did little good to each other ...

Mood and tone: The mood of the poem is somber and reflective. It shows a troubled soul in...

(The entire section contains 258 words.)

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