The Hound of the Baskervilles was written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. It was first published in 1902 and forms part of the Sherlock Holmes detective stories.
First and foremost, one can clearly see that the novel is a detective story. Its main genre is therefore detective fiction. Sherlock Holmes is a detective, and he is trying to solve a murder together with his companion, Dr. Watson. It is very obvious that this genre is the same as it is in the BBC television series. Just like in the novel, the detective Sherlock Holmes is trying to solve a murder by investigating the mystery behind the “Hounds of Baskerville,” which is the title of this episode. Interestingly, the title slightly deviates from the original book title.
In order to make the storyline more gripping and terrifying, both the novel and the TV series also have another genre in common: the gothic genre. For example, the mystery surrounding the monstrous creature, the gruesome deaths, the darkness of the moors, and the possibility of the supernatural are all typical features of the gothic genre. Dark colors and low lighting are used frequently throughout the TV adaptation, further creating a sensation of fright and suspense in true gothic fashion. In both the novel and the TV series, this creates a very spooky and frightening experience.