John Henry Newman's famous lectures The Idea of a University Defined and Illustrated were an outline of Newman's vision of the ideal purpose and structure of university education. This vision included integration of Catholic theology alongside other disciplines.
Newman's definition of a university is deliberately Eurocentric. Only European universities are counted—the great learning centers and traditions in Muslim nations are not, nor are Chinese, Indian, and other Asian learning centers, nor are those in African and Native civilizations.
Newman argues that scientific traditions spring from Athens, and theology from Jerusalem. Other traditions of science and learning, listed above, are ignored.
The conflict between Christian religion and science is deliberately downplayed, with Newman arguing that churches accept and welcome new ideas, even if they are controversial.
University education should be as broad as possible, Newman argues, rather than narrowly teaching a single subject to a student.