What are the figures of speech in "The Fall of the House of Usher"? Give some examples.
Poe uses such figures of speech as similes, images, personification, pathetic fallacy, alliteration, consonance, and punning in "The Fall of the House of Usher." These help create a mood of relentless dreariness, oppression, and anxiety.
Poe has his narrator employ a simile as he heads toward the House of Usher. The narrator compares the depression he feels to the "after-dream of the reveller upon opium"—in other words, the crash that follows a drug trip. This conveys a vivid sense—even to one who doesn't use drugs—of how desolate the narrator feels.
The imagery throughout the story is vivid and relentlessly reinforces the mood of dreariness, gloom, and anxious foreboding that permeates the story. For example, the narrator uses visual imagery as he states he looked on:
the simple landscape features of the domain—upon the bleak walls—upon the vacant eye-like windows—upon a few rank sedges—and upon a few white trunks of decayed trees.
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