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What are the essential characteristics of language?

There are many, many characteristics of language, but essentially, languages are systematic, vocalic, social, symbolic, non-instinctive, arbitrary, and productive.

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While there are too many characteristics of language to list and define, we’ll cover some of the most essential characteristics of common languages below.

Languages are:

  • Systematic, meaning that each language follows a particular agreed-upon system. These systems can include rules related to sentence structure, grammar, pronunciation, syntax, arrangement, and tense.
  • Vocalic , meaning that languages are generally made up of vocal sounds. While language can be written or signed,...

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