Small Steps is a novel written by Louis Sachar. It was first published in 2006. As this novel is the sequel to Holes, this book follows the life of Armpit following the events in Holes. In particular, this novel deals with the friendship that develops between Armpit and the singer Kaira.
The main theme of this novel is friendship and love: Armpit meets Kaira, and they become friends. Later Kaira tells Armpit in a letter that she is in love with him. However, following the events in the story, Armpit later decides not to pursue a relationship with Kaira and instead to return to his normal life.
Another theme in the story is selfishness. Armpit gives Kaira’s letter, in which she confesses her love for him, to Felix and Moses in order to save himself. At this point, he thinks more about himself than about Kaira and what the consequences of this would be for her. As a result, Kaira is very angry with Armpit when he confesses this to her and accuses him of not loving her as a person. She believes that Armpit is just using her because of her fame and money. To her, Armpit is an extremely selfish person, who only has his own personal interests at heart.
The theme of selfishness is also visible in the fact that Armpit and his friend Rex forge tickets in order to make money. Here, selfishness reaches its peak when Rex even sells forged concert tickets to Armpit, despite Armpit being his friend.