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What are the differences between John Locke's and Rousseau's philosophies?

Differences between Locke's and Rousseau's philosophies include that Rousseau was more extreme in his beliefs on government, believing government to be inherently oppressive and evil, and that Locke viewed civilization as admirable while Rousseau viewed it as a corrupting influence.

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Rousseau and Locke are both supporters and proponents of the freedom and choice of humans. They believe that the idea of a kingdom, wherein one individual has sovereign control over others is a disastrous idea because humans should not sacrifice that much control to another. Their beliefs centered around human wisdom and the belief that humans, left unattended, will make good choices and that they have the right to act according to those choices and desires.

Locke had reservations about the sovereignty of a monarch and believed that humanity shouldn't be controlled by absolutely powerful rulers. However, he did agree that some form of government was likely necessary and unavoidable. He was a champion of the idea of limited, representative government that would represent the interest of the people and would limit the power of any single individual over others.

Rousseau, on the other hand, was far more extreme—believing that government in any form was evil and oppressive. He believed...

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