There are twenty-two different species of penguins, which will be listed below with their common names and place of habitation.
The African Black-Footed penguin is the only penguin native to Africa and resides in South Africa and Namibia.
The Northern Rockhoppers are native to Tristan da Cunha and Gough Island, which are uninhabited islands of the South Atlantic Ocean.
The King penguin is also native to the cold islands of the South Atlantic Ocean.
The Adélie penguin is native to Antartica.
The small and adorable Fairy penguin is native to the southern island of New Zealand.
The Yellow-Eyed penguin, facing extinction, resides on New Zealand's South Island.
The Chinstrap penguin resides in Antartica as well as islands in the Pacific and Southern Ocean.
The Magellanic penguin resides on the coasts of southern South America.
The Southern Rockhopper penguin resides on the Falkland Islands.
The Macaroni penguin can be found in South America, Australia, Antartica, and Marion Island.
The Australian little penguin resides on the southern Australian coast, Tasmania, and a small island of New Zealand.
The Emperor penguin resides on the ice offshore of Antartica.
The Snares penguin resides on small islets off New Zealand's South Island.
The Galápagos penguin resides on the archipelago for which it is named.
The Erect-Crested penguin resides on the Antipodes and Bounty islands of New Zealand.
The Gentoo penguin resides on islands in the southern Indian and Atlantic Oceans.
The Royal penguin resides on the sub-Antarctic island of Macquarie.
The Humboldt penguin resides on the coastal lands of Chile and Peru.
The Eastern Rockhopper penguin resides on several islands of the Indian and Atlantic Oceans.
The Fiorland penguin is a rainforest dwelling penguin of New Zealand's South Island.
The Allied King penguin resides on several island in the southern islands of the Pacific and Indian Oceans.
The Ellworth Gentoo penguin resides exclusively on the coast of Antartica.