What are the causes of the Trojan War in the Illiad? Is modern warfare happening for the same reasons?
In the Illiad, the Trojan War grows out of a dispute among three Greek goddesses over which one was the fairest. Paris, a mortal man who judged the contest, was bribed by the winner, Aphrodite. His prize was the love of the beautiful Helen, wife of Sparta’s King Menelaos of Sparta. When Helen went to Troy with Paris, however unwillingly, her husband’s wrath caused the war. In contrast, modern warfare often has political and economic causes.
According to Homer’s Iliad , the Trojan War resulted from disagreements among the Greek gods. While a number of gods played active roles, the basic controversy was among three goddesses: Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite. Each of them offered a reward to the judge of a beauty contest. The judge, a mortal man named Paris, chose Aphrodite’s offer, which was love. She gave him the love of Helen, reputedly the world’s most beautiful woman. Behind the original contest was the hand of the goddess of discord. The complication in Paris’s achieving his love was that Helen was already married. Her husband...
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