John Brown's Body Questions and Answers
by Stephen Vincent Benét

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What are the 3 literary devices in "Invocation" from John Brown's Body?

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The first device that Stephen Vincent Benét uses in the poem’s “Invocation” section is apostrophe, direct address to a person, thing, or abstract concept. The speaker (who is apparently the poet) directs their words to the abstract “American muse” in line one. It becomes evident in Line 4 that this is direct address, as the speaker uses second-person, speaking to the muse: “you are as various as your land.”

This device is combined with personification , as the poet endows the American muse with human...

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