What are some strong main points for a comparison and contrast of how the use of science affects everyone in The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde and Frankenstein

A strong similarity between both novels is that science is misused, causing mainly negative results. In The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, the use of science primarily affects Jekyll himself, hurts or kills both friends and strangers, and more generally frightens London’s populace. Frankenstein is similar in that Victor’s misuse of science primarily affects him and the creature, and more broadly harms Victor’s family and Swiss people. The repercussions even extend to the Arctic.

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Although the novels were written almost 70 years apart, there are strong similarities between The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde and Frankenstein. While both Robert Louis Stevenson and Mary Shelley generally seem to have a neutral stance regarding science, both authors point out the temptation to misuse it and take a dim view of irresponsible men who manipulate it for their own selfish ends. In Jekyll’s case, his misuse of medical chemistry allows his dangerous alter ego, Hyde, to thrive. Victor Frankenstein experiments with electricity to create a new, separate person. A similarity is that both creators fail to anticipate the possible negative effects, but are consumed by the thrill of "playing God" and obsessed with reaching the pinnacle of professional achievement. A point of contrast between the works is that Jekyll/Hyde kills both others and himself, whereas in Victor’s case, the creature kills him but remains alive and free.

A second point of comparison is that these creator’s abuse of science wreaks havoc among those closest to them. Jekyll causes the death of his friend Lanyon, who becomes distraught upon learning of Jekyll’s wayward actions. Victor’s rejection causes the creature to seek revenge, leading to the death of Victor’s young brother. Further similarity is found in their actions leading to the deaths of additional, innocent strangers. A difference is that Jekyll/Hyde’s circle of victims is relatively small, as his orbit is within London, where people fear the unknown killer in their midst. In the creature’s case, he roams through the Swiss countryside and up into the Alps. The scope of their impact is international, as he and Victor continue their pursuit and quest for revenge across many countries until Victor meets Walton in the Arctic.

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