In this essay, Thoreau's goal is to make a strong argument for the value of walking. He does so by using assonance and alliteration so that certain words stay more firmly in our minds. He uses positive metaphors, allusions, and imagery about walkers and walking to try to persuade us to walk. He also uses humor in the form of hyperbole and puns to keep us reading.
In assonance, words that begin with the same vowel are put in close proximity, while in alliteration, words that begin with the same consonant are placed close together. An example of assonance that put the emphasis on the important words beginning with "e" is as follows:
I wish to make an extreme statement, if so I may make an emphatic one...
The end of the sentence above then uses alliterative "c" sounds to highlight the most important words:
for there are enough champions of civilization
Alliteration occurs below as well:
For this is the secret of successful sauntering.
In the sentence below, Thoreau uses not only alliteration, but a metaphor
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