What are some quotes that show that Jem is a protective brother in To Kill a Mockingbird? 

Jem shows that he is a protective brother in To Kill a Mockingbird by saying, "Come on, Scout ... Don't pay any attention to [Mrs. Dubose], just hold your head high and be a gentleman." Jem also supports and comforts Scout when Aunt Alexandria upsets her.

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Jem and Scout Finch are typical siblings, and they often annoy one another to no end. Yet if Scout is upset or threatened, Jem's protective nature kicks in, and he stands up for and comforts his sister.

On the night of the fire at Miss Maudie's house, for instance, Atticus tells Jem to take Scout and go stand down the street. The wind is blowing, and the fire might spread to neighboring houses. The fire truck is nearly out of commission, and nothing seems to be going right. Scout is terrified. Jem puts his arm around his sister and tells her, “Hush, Scout. It ain't time to worry yet. I'll let you know when.” As the situation intensifies, Jem keeps his sister close and continues to tell her not to worry until the danger is finally over.

When Atticus spends a night in town guarding Tom Robinson, Jem, Scout, and Dill go to see what is happening. Scout runs toward her father, who is confronting the mob, and Jem yells and tries to catch her to hold her back and keep her out of danger. Of course, in this incident, Scout saves the day. The kids are still concerned about the upcoming trial, though, and Scout can't sleep. Jem hears her and takes her into his room to comfort her, knowing that she doesn't want to be alone.

Of course, when the children are attacked by Bob Ewell, Jem does everything he can to protect his sister. “Run, Scout! Run! Run!” he yells as soon as he notices the danger. Scout falls, and Jem pulls her up and tries to get away. Boo Radley comes to their rescue, but like Mr. Tate says, all Jem “wanted to do was get him and his sister safely home.”

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Jem is a protective, compassionate older brother who follows in his father's footsteps by looking out for Scout. Jem proves that he is a protective older brother in chapter 11 when Mrs. Dubose makes several derogatory comments directed at Scout in an attempt to get under her skin. Mrs. Dubose insults Scout's attire and says she will be waiting on tables at the O.K. Café if she doesn't change her ways. Jem tries to comfort Scout by saying,

Come on, Scout ... Don't pay any attention to her, just hold your head high and be a gentleman.

Jem knows that Mrs. Dubose makes Scout feel uncomfortable and offers her words of encouragement to calm her nerves.

Jem also proves he is a protective brother by supporting Scout when Aunt Alexandria upsets her. Aunt Alexandra tells Scout that she cannot play with Walter Cunningham Jr. because he is trash. Scout takes offense at her aunt's comments and prepares to argue with her. Before Scout loses her temper, Jem intervenes and calms her down. Scout recalls the situation by saying,

I don't know what I would have done, but Jem stopped me. He caught me by the shoulders, put his arm around me, and led me sobbing in fury to his bedroom.

Once Jem walks Scout to his room, he offers her a Tootsie Roll and has a discussion with her about what makes people different.

The most memorable moment of Jem protecting Scout takes place during Bob Ewell's attack. On their walk home from the Halloween festival, Jem senses that someone is following them and stops several times to listen closely to their surroundings. Once Jem hears the sound of Bob Ewell moving quickly towards them, he yells, "Run, Scout! Run! Run!" Jem not only instructs Scout to flee but defends her from Bob Ewell's attack. Luckily, Boo Radley has been looking after the children and intervenes by coming to their defense.

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In Chapter 4, Scout is passing the Radley yard when she notices something shiny coming from the knothole in one of the trees. Scout ends up finding a stick of Wrigley's Double-Mint gum and begins chewing on it. When Jem comes home and asks Scout where she got the gum, Scout tells her brother that she found it in one of the Radley trees. Jem demonstrates his protective nature by saying,

"Spit it out right now!" (Lee 22).

Jem proceeds to yell at Scout for her "dangerous" stunt and tells her that she could have died. Another scene that displays Jem's protective nature and concern for Scout's well-being takes place in Chapter 14. Immediately after Scout and Jem get into a fight, Scout knocks on Jem's door to ask him if he can take a look underneath her bed. Jem does not hesitate to come to Scout's aid, and he goes to the kitchen to grab a broom. Lee writes,

"Jem made a tentative swipe underneath the bed. I looked over the foot to see if a snake would come out. None did. Jem made a deeper swipe" (Lee 86).

Fortunately, there is no snake underneath the bed and Dill Harris surprisingly comes out from his hiding spot.

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Jem shows that he is a protective brother on Scout's first day of school. Scout is offended when Miss Caroline tells her to instruct Atticus to stop teaching her to read, and Jem responds, “Don’t worry, Scout...Our teacher says Miss Caroline’s introducing a new way of teaching" (page 17). Jem mistakenly calls this new method of instruction the Dewey Decimal System, but he is trying to reassure Scout about Miss Caroline's strange methods of teaching and to be comforting on Scout's first day of school. Later, in Chapter 4, Jem pushes Scout in a tire until she stops right in front of the Radleys' house, which they fear. Jem, out of ignorance about the Radleys but also out of a sense of protection, yells at Scout to run away as quickly as she can from the Radleys' place. He clearly cares about her safety.

At the very end of the book, Jem is also protective towards Scout when she fails to come in on cue during the Halloween pageant. Jem reassures Scout about her performance, and Scout thinks, "Jem was becoming almost as good as Atticus at making you feel right when things went wrong" (page 262). Jem also waits for Scout backstage until everyone else goes home so that Scout can be spared seeing anyone in the audience; that is why they head home alone and fall prey to Bob Ewell. 

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