What are some poetic devices in the poem "Then and Now" by Oodgeroo Noonuccal (formerly Kath Walker)?

Poetic devices in the poem "Then and Now" include alliteration, repetition, personification, assonance, consonance, enjambment, anaphora, and irony.

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Oodgeroo Noonuccal was born in Australia in 1920. Her father belonged to the Noonuccal tribe, and she became an activist for Aboriginal workers in Australia. This poem talks about the way "civilization" harmed the Aboriginal people who had been living in the land.

Noonuccal uses many poetic elements in her poem. A previous educator mentioned alliteration, but Noonuccal also uses assonance and consonance throughout the poem.

Assonance is the use of repeated vowel sounds throughout a poem.

Offices now, neon lights now,

bank and shop and advertisement now,

traffic and trade of the busy town.

Here, she repeats the harsh sound of the vowel "o" several times; in offices, neon, now, shop, town. The harsh sound of "ow" contrasts with the softer sound made by "oo" in words like "didgeridoo" and "boomerang."

A good example of consonance comes in the first...

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