What are some of the major differences between Mustapha Mond and John the Savage in Brave New World by Aldous Huxley?
John and Mustapha Mond have been formed by radically different cultures and have, therefore, a very different hierarchy of values. John privileges romantic love, family love, religion, literature, and sacrifice. He understands intense interpersonal attachments and suffering as an integral part of what make us human. These values arise from the bond he formed with his birth mother, his intense experiences on the Savage Reservation, and his reading of Shakespeare.
Mond, in contrast, values security, stability, and material abundance above all else. His society reflects a response to the devastating Nine Years' War and economic depression.
Everything that John values is a threat to Mond's highest values. The intense passions generated by love, literature, and traditional religion are exactly what, in his opinion, would destabilize the carefully controlled equilibrium of his own world. Suffering and sacrifice are precisely what his world has chosen to jettison as barbaric and unnecessary.
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