In act 1, scene 5, of Hamlet, the Ghost's speech features alliteration, which refers to starting words that are close to each other with the same sound. The Ghost says he is doomed "to fast in fires." The repetition of the "f" sound is an example of alliteration.
The Ghost later says that he could tell a tale whose "lightest word," or least frightening word, would "harrow up thy soul, freeze thy young blood." These are examples of personification, or making something that is not alive into something animate. A word cannot by itself slice up one's soul or freeze one's blood, but the personification used by the Ghost makes it sound as if words can accomplish these types of acts.
The Ghost also uses similes, or comparisons that use the word "like" or "as." For example, he says that his tale will make Hamlet's hair stand up "like quills upon the fearful porcupine." In this simile , the Ghost says that Hamlet will be so frightened by the tale the Ghost has to tell that Hamlet will look like a...
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