What are some literary devices used in the book Brave New World and where are they found?
Huxley utilizes symbolism in his novel by depicting Henry Ford as a symbolic religious figure and deity who resembles Christ. In the World State, technology and manufacturing are supreme, and Henry Ford's mass production and assembly line played a significant role in the creation of the World State. Therefore, the manufactured citizens view Ford as their god, and the Model-T corresponds to what the cross means to Christianity.
Huxley also utilizes metaphors throughout his classic novel. One example of a metaphor takes place when Huxley compares the citizens of the World State to bottles after ingesting soma. Huxley writes,
Bottled, they crossed the street; bottled, they took the lift up to Henry’s room on the twenty-eighth floor. And yet, bottled as she was, and in spite of that second gramme of soma, Lenina did not forget to take all the contraceptive precautions prescribed by the regulations. (52)
This metaphor illustrates how citizens of the World State are enclosed and distant from each other. They lack the ability to develop meaningful relationships and are completely controlled by society.
Huxley also utilizes numerous similes throughout the story. Huxley writes that the Brentford Television Corporation’s factory was "like a small town." At the end of a daily shift, Huxley writes that the Gamma girls and the Semi-Morons swarmed around the entrances to the tram-cars "like ants."
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