What are some literary devices used in Great Expectations, with examples and quotes?

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Brillantly written, Charles Dickens's Great Expectations is replete with literary techniques:

1.  parallelism - Notice how the sentences in this paragraph from Chapter 1 are similar in structure:

A fearful man, all in coarse grey, with a great iron on his leg. A man with no hat, and with broken shoes, and with an old rag tied round his head. A man who had been soaked in water, and smothered in mud, and lamed by stones, and cut by flints, and stung by nettles, and torn by briars; who limped, and shivered, and glared and growled; and whose teeth chattered in his head as he seized me by the chin.

2. imagery In the above passage, there is also much sensory language, or imagery. Imagery of crime and criminal justice pervade the novel. Miss Havisham's house, for example, is like a prison as is Mr. Jaggers dark office.

3. simile In Chapter 3, Pip describes his return to the Battery where he cannot keep his feet warm, comparing the cold to the iron using as,

...the damp cold seemed riveted as the iron...

(The entire section contains 592 words.)

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