The first literary device the reader is exposed to in Jon Krakauer’s Into the Wild is opening the narrative in medias res. The narrator beings the story in the middle of the action, which throws the reader right into the action of the plot. This can also create a jarring and disorienting effect as the reader tries to quickly understand the setting and the action.
The narrator also uses asides to address the reader directly. These asides relate to something going on in Chris’s life and help to reinforce the universality of Chris’s thinking. The narrator does not want the audience to view Chris as an enigma. Instead, the narrator wants the reader to learn from the universal truths Chris has identified.
This theme of universality is further presented through allusions , especially with regard to the Transcendentalists. The Transcendentalists were part of a philosophical movement in the 1820s and 1830s, but the direct quotations from some of those writers helps the reader understand the way...
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