Throughout The Souls of Black Folk, W. E. B. Du Bois uses numerous literary devices. Among those he most commonly employs are metaphor, simile, idiom, and rhetorical question.
Du Bois frequently uses metaphors, including extended metaphors or conceits. A metaphor is a direct comparison between two unlike things for effect. One important extended metaphor in the work is the “veil.” The "veil" means the African Americans' separation from white-dominated society which they cannot fully participate in, although they can see it.
The Negro is a sort of seventh son, born with a veil, and gifted with second-sight in this American world.
Two metaphors in one sentence are “bleaching” for emulating white culture and “a flood” for the overwhelming amount and speed of that culture’s domination:
He would not...
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