Literary devices are the typical structures and methods authors use to convey their messages to readers. Writers use them to enhance an image, convey a feeling or mood, or accentuate such feeling or mood. When they are used effectively, such devices help readers to interpret, analyze and appreciate a writer's...
Literary devices are the typical structures and methods authors use to convey their messages to readers. Writers use them to enhance an image, convey a feeling or mood, or accentuate such feeling or mood. When they are used effectively, such devices help readers to interpret, analyze and appreciate a writer's work.
In the extract, one of the most prominent literary devices is the simile in lines 6 to 7:
She’s framed as fruitful
As the free elements.
In this direct comparison, he equates Desdemona's generous spirit to the abundance existent in nature. What exists in nature is freely available to those who want it. In essence, it means that Desdemona has so much goodness in her that she will generously and freely assist anyone who seeks her help.
The alliteration (the use of the same sound, usually a consonant, in successive words), also accentuates Desdemona's good qualities. The repetition of the f-sound is used for emphasis in this regard.
These words illustrate one of Iago's most typical ploys. He sees goodness as a weakness and goes out to exploit a character's good nature to further his evil purpose.
The metaphor "His soul is so enfettered to her love," compares Othello's entire being to an object irrevocably chained to Desdemona's love. This further means that the general cannot separate himself from her. He is so overwhelmingly attached to her love for him and, evidently, his love for her that he would do her every bidding.
Iago extends the above metaphor and exaggerates it by stating:
Even as her appetite shall play the god
With his weak function.
Iago is suggesting that Desdemona's desires will take possession and control of Othello's every action for his resolve will be weakened because of his love for her. He would act as if he is not entirely in control of his destiny for he will put Desdemona's wants before his own.
Iago curses the "Divinity of hell!" He is using paradox in this instance. In this literary device, a statement is made which seems absurd or self-contradictory but makes sense on closer investigation or explanation. The juxtaposition (contrast) between the divine and hell suggests that hell is divine or good. Iago is, in fact, commenting on his devious nature. He maintains an air of friendliness and acts as a trustworthy advisor to some characters while he is plotting against them. It is in this manner that he so easily and successfully manipulates others.
Iago's soliloquy indicates his malicious intent and foreshadows the devastation that his nefarious plot will bring about.