What are some literary devices found in Macbeth, act 3 (scene 4)?

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In describing his reactions to learning that Fleance has escaped, Macbeth uses similes and metaphors. A simile is a comparison for effect using “like” or “as,” while a metaphor is a direct comparison. Using similes, he compares himself to two kinds of stone, saying he is as “whole as the marble, [and] founded as the rock.” He then uses several metaphors about confinement to describe his feelings: “now I am cabin'd, cribb'd, confined, bound in. ...” This phrase also uses alliteration, the repetition of initial consonant sounds. Omitting the conjunctions between the words, the device called asyndeton, suggests he is rushed or anxious, and the hard “K” sound in those words emphasizes the harshness of his emotion.

Lady Macbeth also uses metaphor in describing the desired environment at the dinner party, noting that “the sauce to meat is ceremony”: if people just ate a simple meal without a pleasant atmosphere, it would be dull. After her husband reacts to seeing Banquo ’s ghost,...

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