The Crucible Questions and Answers
by Arthur Miller

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What are some ideas for an argument in defense of why John Proctor and his wife are not witches in The Crucible?

Some arguments for why John Proctor and his wife are not witches include that they are morally upright Christians, that they are content with their situation in life, and that there is no physical evidence proving that they engaged in witchcraft. Additionally, Abigail has personal motives for accusing them of witchcraft, which makes her testimony suspect. 

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In Arthur Miller's classic play The Crucible, witchcraft hysteria quickly spreads throughout the community after Abigail Williams begins accusing innocent citizens of colluding with the devil and practicing witchcraft. Despite her accusations, Abigail Williams, Ruth Putnam, and Tituba are the only characters who actually attempt to engage in witchcraft. Before the start of the play, Ruth Putnam petitions Tituba to conjure the spirits of her deceased siblings and Abigail drinks chicken blood in an attempt to put a charm on Elizabeth Proctor. There is little evidence to suggest that Tituba was experienced in the dark arts, and the entire situation seems more like a thrilling activity for the young girls to experience than a serious exercise in witchcraft.

Unfortunately, Abigail desires to have John Proctor to herself and falsely accuses Elizabeth of witchcraft and attempted murder. However, Elizabeth is a pious, morally upright woman, who is a devout Christian with an outstanding...

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