What are some examples of segregation and the Jim Crow laws in the 1940s–1960s?
There are many examples of Jim Crow laws that mandated segregation in various aspects of life in the time period you are asking about. Please follow the links below for many more examples than I can give in this space.
One famous example would be the rules about where blacks could sit on busses in Montgomery, Alabama. There, blacks and whites could not sit in the same row of seats. Whites filled the bus from the front and blacks from the back. When the bus filled up, blacks would have to stand up and give up their seats if any further white riders boarded the bus.
Another example has to do with waiting rooms in bus stations (for long-haul busses like Greyhound). Southern states had laws that said that whites and blacks had to have separate waiting rooms in the stations. They also had to use separate restrooms. This sort of law was what the Freedom Riders were fighting against.
Finally, there was a great deal of segregation in education. At the K-12 level, there were black schools and white schools and black students could only attend black schools even if they lived near to the white schools. This sort of thing is what the case of Brown v. Board of Education was about. There was even segregation in higher education. For example, up until James Meredith entered the school under federal protection, no African American student had been allowed to attend the University of Mississippi.
There were, of course, many other laws. These covered such things as drinking fountains, swimming pools, and libraries. Please follow the links below for many such examples.
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