Personification is assigning human attributes to an animal or non-human object. Death, for example, is personified as a woman below:
Her lips were red, her looks were free,
Her locks were yellow as gold:
Her skin was as white as leprosy,
The Night-mare LIFE-IN-DEATH was she,
Who thicks man's blood with cold.
'The game is done! I've won! I've won!'
Quoth she, and whistles thrice.
The Mariner calls her life-in death, but in fact, she is death, for she takes 200 lives ("Four times fifty living men"). She is described as looking like a living woman, though with very white skin, and she uses the triumphal language of a person who has won a game of chance.
The albatross is also personified, as it is described with human imagery:
As if it had been a Christian soul
The sun is also personified, described as "he" rather than "it" in the following:
The Sun came up upon the left,
Out of the sea came he!
The above imagery positions the sun as something of a person rising out of the sea.
A paradox is a statement...
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