Irony In The Scarlet Letter

What are some examples of irony in The Scarlet Letter?

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The many examples of irony in The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne include that Hester is spurned by the local townspeople and made to wear the scarlet letter as a mark of her shame, yet she might be the one true character in the novel. She protects Dimmesdale, she atones to Chillingworth, and she maintains her her own code of ethics while raising Pearl alone.

With her husband distant, both physically and emotionally, Hester becomes lonely and eventually falls in love with the young Reverend Dimmesdale. When it becomes apparent that Hester is pregnant with no husband, she is marked a disgraced...

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Hawthorne use of irony to show the 'sour -peevish 'character  of the Pilgrim forefathers is visible in the first chapter itself; where he berates the so called "utopia".  The black flower of society - the prison  is contrasted with the wild rose bush that thwarts the puritan attempt to stem dissidence. In any given society evil co-exists with   good just as perversity  with the spiritual bent of mind . The author is the descendent of the  puritan immigrants ,but laments at the inhumane treatment meted out by them . The protagonist ,Hester Prynne proudly bears her illegitimate child  and sports the letter "A"  as if defying the Calvinistic doctrine. Hawthorne through Hester questions the cowardice in both her lover- Arthur Dimmesdale and spouse, Roger Chillingsworth.The former ,a devoted minister  in  puritan  Boston and the latter  a revered man of science. 

Irony has been used to denigrate the  societal norms and the so -called God's chosen  people- be it the iron visaged  Dames , the clergy, or the  the needy .Infact irony helps us- examine the agonised soul of the tormented Hester ;understand her her plight as  the second citizen .

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