What are some big similarities and differences between the book and movie versions of The Kite Runner? I need deep explanations. Why do they choose to do something different in the film, and what consequences does it have for the story?

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The movie leaves out a lot of detail, in an attempt to "soften" the story and make it more suitable for kids. Even though the novel is about kids, it is not really a kids' book, whereas the movie is aimed at a younger audience.

One of the important motifs from the book that is left out of the movie is Hassan's cleft palette. In the book, Hassan's deformity has powerful symbolic meaning. It emphasizes his subaltern, or "damaged," position, but it also reflects on Baba's own compromised morality as Hassan's father. In a way, Baba's determination to "fix" Hassan can be read as a way of "fixing" himself, as if by providing Hassan with an operation he is compensating for not being able to publicly acknowledge his paternity. At the same time, by focusing on Hassan's appearance, the book emphasizes the racist underpinnings of Pashtun attitudes toward Hazara.

By leaving out Hassan's deformity, the movie glosses over these complicated relationships and makes Baba a weaker figure. This can also be seen in the movie's treatment of Baba's life in America, another place where the film script greatly simplifies what is in the novel. Much of the emotional impact of Baba's death in the book comes from these details, which show how much Baba has sacrificed. In the film, these complexities are reduced to very sad music during Baba's death scene.

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