What are some annotations from book 13 from The Odyssey?

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In book 13 of Homer's The Odyssey, it is noteworthy that King Alcinous and the Phaeacians over whom he rules assist Odysseus to finally return home to Ithaca. As is customary in the cultural norms of ancient Greece, the Phaeacians give gifts, show hospitality, and assist their guest. This is pleasing to Zeus, but it should be noted that it is quite offensive to Poseidon, who, after twenty years, still feels that Odysseus's punishment is not complete. Zeus hears Poseidon's complaint and tells him, "Do thou as thou wilt, and as seems thee good." Poseidon punishes the Phaeacians for helping Odysseus by turning their ship to stone so that it sinks in the harbor at Ithaca. It is meant to remind the Phaeacians not to interfere in the affairs of the immortals; consequently, they make a sacrifice to try to appease Poseidon.

Athena protects Odysseus but warns him that he will still face difficulties in reclaiming his throne, home, and family. He tells the goddess that he feels she had abandoned him, but she explains that she had to be careful not to offend her fellow god, Poseidon. It is an extraordinary exchange of human emotions between an immortal and a man, and her subsequent helpful actions in spiriting him into town further suggest how much she favors Odysseus.

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