What are similarities and differences between the Guomindang and the Chinese Communist Party?

The similarities between the Guomindang and the Chinese Communist Party include that they were both formed to oppose Western forces, both held Sun Yat-sen in high esteem, and both received aid from Russia at some point. Differences between them include that their ideologies differed and that the Chinese Communist Party was better prepared for war when its temporary truce with the Guomindang ended. 

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

The Guomindang and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) were opponents during the Chinese Civil War. Naturally, they had some stark differences, but they also had some notable similarities.

Differences

Although they shared some similar nationalistic sentiments, their ideologies were very different. Overall, the Guomindang was the party of the intellectual...

See
This Answer Now

Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this answer and thousands more. Enjoy eNotes ad-free and cancel anytime.

Get 48 Hours Free Access

The Guomindang and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) were opponents during the Chinese Civil War. Naturally, they had some stark differences, but they also had some notable similarities.

Differences

Although they shared some similar nationalistic sentiments, their ideologies were very different. Overall, the Guomindang was the party of the intellectual and monied classes. Although it had some socialist aspects, it supported capitalism and landownership and sought to preserve much of the status quo. The CCP began as a grassroots populist movement. It was socialist and endeavored to restructure society in favor of the rural peasantry.

During the Second World War, both the Guomindang and the CCP called a temporary truce in order to deal with the Japanese threat. However, the Guomindang was much more dedicated to fighting the Japanese. The CCP, on the other hand, used this time to consolidate its forces. Therefore, they were in a better position when the civil war resumed.

Similarities

While it was not their primary motive, both parties were founded in part to stand against the forces of the West. The Guomindang and the CCP were both very concerned that China no longer be humiliated the way it had been during the Qing Dynasty. They sought to force western influence out and help the nation regain a sense of autonomy and national honor.

Both parties held Sun Yatsen in high esteem. They viewed him as the founder of modern China and the liberator of the nation from its imperial system.

Both parties were supported at some point by the Russians. The Guomindang received financial and advisory aid from the USSR beginning in 1923, which helped them seize control of the country. Once the Chinese Civil War came to an end and the PRC was established, the USSR became a close ally with the CCP as they shared a common socialist ideology. This amicable relationship eventually deteriorated after Stalin's death.

Approved by eNotes Editorial Team