The Giver Questions and Answers
by Lois Lowry

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What are examples of flashback and foreshadowing in The Giver?

An example of a flashback in The Giver occurs when Jonas recalls the time a jet flew over their community, which is strictly forbidden. An example of foreshadowing is when Jonas's number is skipped during the Ceremony of Twelves. Jonas knows that the omission is not an oversight.

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One important flashback that Jonas has in The Giver occurs in Chapter 3, when he remembers the time that he took an apple home from the recreation area. Jonas recalls that there was a humiliating reminder that this was not allowed. In fact, this is also an example of foreshadowing, because the reason that Jonas took the apple home in the first place was that he couldn't figure out why it looked different to him. This is a foreshadowing of the fact that he has "the ability to see beyond," which is one of the reasons that he is selected to be the new receiver.

Another important flashback occurs during the ceremony of twelve, when it is Asher's turn. As the Elder speaks, Jonas remembers when Asher was a toddler and said "smack" instead of "snack," and is physically punished for it. In a sense, this flashback is also foreshadowing, as it foreshadows Jonas's understanding of what a deeply awful place the community really is.

More foreshadowing occurs in Chapter 16 , after The Giver shows Jonas...

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