Orwell uses imagery, which is description using any of the five senses of sight, sound, touch, taste, and smell, at the start of the book when he writes:
With the ring of light from his lantern dancing from side to side, he [Farmer Jones] lurched across the yard, kicked off his boots at the back door, drew himself a last glass of beer from the barrel in the scullery, and made his way up to bed, where Mrs. Jones was already snoring.
We can visualize all that Mr. Jones does, and we can hear Mrs. Jones snoring. Another example of sight and sound imagery is the following:
Mrs. Jones looked out of the bedroom window, saw what was happening, hurriedly flung a few possessions into a carpet bag, and slipped out of the farm by another way. Moses sprang off his perch and flapped after her, croaking loudly.
Old Major uses hyberbole or exaggeration when he says of the animals that they:
are forced to work to the last atom of our strength; and the very instant that our usefulness has come to an end we are...
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