Verbal irony is the intentional use of words to mean something different from what the character actually says. Throughout the short story, Montresor continually uses verbal irony during his conversations with Fortunato in order to encourage Fortunato to follow him down into his family's catacombs.
- "My friend, no; I will not impose upon your good nature" (Poe, 2).
- When Fortunato makes a toast, Montresor responds by saying, "And I to your long life" (Poe, 3).
Situational irony is a discrepancy between what is expected to happen and what actually happens. The short story takes place during carnival season, which is generally happy, fun-filled time. However, Montresor plans and executes a horrific murder during the festive, joyful time.
Dramatic irony is when the audience is aware of something that the characters are not. Throughout the short story, the audience is aware of Montresor’s evil intentions to harm Fortunato the entire time. However, Fortunato is unaware that he is following...
(The entire section contains 3 answers and 595 words.)