What are elements of horror genre in fiction?

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Horror is a literary genre. Its main purpose is to frighten and horrify its readers. Stephen King, for example, is a very famous and successful author of fictional horror novels, with works such as IT and Pet Sematary having become famous all over the world.

In horror stories, the...

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Horror is a literary genre. Its main purpose is to frighten and horrify its readers. Stephen King, for example, is a very famous and successful author of fictional horror novels, with works such as IT and Pet Sematary having become famous all over the world.

In horror stories, the authors usually explore a theme that they know will scare their readers and will make their audience feel very uneasy. It is most commonly something, that is usually part of everyday life, but suddenly takes on a life on its own and turns evil. In IT, for example, Stephen King makes the villain appear as a clown called “Pennywise”—which is not usually how one would expect a villain to look like, given that clowns are usually seen as funny and entertaining. This is precisely how the horror genre creates fear and suspense amongst its readers: something that is usually perceived as innocent suddenly becomes a mortal danger.

Another typical element of horror fiction is that authors usually use very descriptive language in order to help the reader to really be drawn into the story. Sounds, lights, and smells are often described in a lot of detail in order for the reader to be able to visualize properly what is happening. This helps to make the story a lot scarier.

In order to create a more frightening atmosphere and to create more suspense, horror stories frequently feature descriptions that involve darkness or badly lit rooms. It is not uncommon for a work of this genre to take place at nighttime, as this is commonly perceived to be scarier than daytime.

People often falsely assume that horror is a fairly new genre within literature, but this could not be further from the truth. Frankenstein and Dracula, for example, are very famous works of Gothic horror fiction. Frankenstein was first published in 1818, and Dracula was first published in 1897.

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