Pieter de la Court and Louis XIV represent, in a sense, the two polar opposites of seventeenth-century political thought.
Louis XIV was the archetypical absolutist. He portrayed himself as the living embodiment of France and its people, a philosophical proposition summed up by his saying, "L'etat c'est moi" or "I am the state" (this was probably made up, but gives a good summation of his philosophy). While the reality was somewhat different, in theory Louis controlled every aspect of the French government. He commanded France's economy as well, granting monopolies and royal charters to companies and businesses that operated with the blessing of the King. He stressed religious conformity, persecuting the kingdom's Protestant Huguenot minority. He famously maintained an extravagant palace at Versailles, where he hosted the kingdom's nobility, creating a bureaucracy held together by royal patronage.
De la Court was, on the other hand, a republican. He argued that the limited, representative government of the Dutch Republic was the best possible form—and warned against allowing would-be absolutists in that country to consolidate power. Most of all, he believed in the free market. He believed that the Dutch flourished to the extent that they were able to pursue trade freely. He also held that "interest," rather than a monarchy dispensing patronage, would provide a basis for a cohesive state. By this he meant that people allowed to pursue commerce freely would not be interested in persecuting religious minorities, infringing on people's rights, or committing other rights abuses. The common pursuit of wealth was the best source of unity for a people. While both Louis and de la Court stressed the importance of a cohesive, sovereign nation-state, there were few other similarities between them.