What architectural features from ancient Greek architecture does the Villa Savoye adopt?
At first glance, Swiss architect Le Courbusier's Villa Savoye appears to have exactly nothing in common with ancient Greek architecture, as it is devoid of the temples, friezes, and pillars that typically defined classical buildings. However, upon looking more closely, one can determine that Le Courbusier's self-proclaimed "machine for living" was actually based directly on what is sometimes called the "golden section", "golden ratio" or "golden mean", a geometric proportion considered to be very nearly perfect, and recognized by architects as far back as Andrea Palladio. In the Villa Savoye, whose exterior is not unlike the buildings Mies van der Rohe will design later, the layout is constructed in a square divided into sixteen parts, which viewed from above, represent the golden ratio formed in two main sections. Thus, because of what is sometimes called this "geometric purity", many of the aesthetes of the architectural world, initially offended by what they saw as a cold modernism, came to believe that Le Courbusier's building was in fact a masterpiece of modern design married to classical, and therefore beautiful, proportions.