What are the archetypes of each character in Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales?

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One of the definitions of archetype is "a perfect or typical specimen."  It is not quite the same thing as a stereotype, which is an oversimplification of a type of something.  But for Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, character archetype and character stereotype function in nearly the same manner.  

A common character in The Canterbury Tales is the knight.  His tale is read fairly frequently.  It is not by random chance that Chaucer included a knight in his tale.  A knight, and thus everything associated with knights and knighthood, would be familiar to Chaucer's readers.  Chaucer wrote his tale in 1392, well before the traditional end of the middle ages (1500).  Knights and their code of conduct, chivalry, were common knowledge. The reader finds out that the knight has participated...

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