What approaches to motivation will be best to use?human behavior
In addition to the earlier response, I would like to add that positive role models act as a motivating factor for both children as well as adults. In the workplace if fellow workers are kind and considerate, washing utensils after their use inthe lunchroom, other employees will follow suit. Why is that ? I've seen that in places where I have worked. I think it is because everyone wants to contribute to a nice environment. In addition, no one wants to be viewed as the troublemaker--the one who disrupts the flow of positive action.
With children it is even more obvious. Children like to copy each other. Especially they want to copy an adult. They have no firm sense of identity yet, so they copy some adult that they admire. This kind of copying is very important to a child's development. It is a highly motivating factor--being a role model.
The issue of motivation is directly contingent on the individual in charge of the task. Yet, in order for motivation to be effective, the mode of motivation must fit the particular individual who needs motivation. There might be direct forms of motivation where an active stance is taken to highlight the need to initiate action right now. At the same time, individuals might require and respond best to a motivation model that is less directly active, but more reflective and warrants action over time. I think that the individual who is charged with the duty of motivation must examine which models best work for their targets of motivation and examine which is the best way to inspire and galvanize into action. This is a process of matching up what has to be done and how it should be undertaken.
Motivation refer to the reason or purpose which makes a person act or behave in a particular way. Every person makes efforts to get things that he or she wants or desires. Although a person needs and desires may things, the intensity of individual desires and wants fluctuates from time to time. Action of a person at any given time is determined by the dominant desire at that time as well as a belief of the person about the nature of efforts required to fulfill the want and the probability that these efforts will be successful.
Motivating employees to act in in way that results in effective achievement of organizational objectives is a very important task of management. The best approach for the motivation of employees must have the following ingredients.
- The reward givens to employees by way of pay, incentives, recognition and other means, should be closely liked to their contribution to the achievement of organizational objectives.
- In addition to external awards, attention should be paid to design work and work groups in a way to promote job satisfaction intrinsic to the work activities. Among other this will include designing work packages in a way so that each employee can see how he or she contributes to achievement of total organizational objectives.
- The external as well as internal rewards should be designed to math the individual needs and wants.
- To promote self motivation, individuals should be able to get feedback on their performance as compared to targets.
- The reward system should be fair, and it should also appear to be fair to the employees concerned.
- Performance targets and objectives fixed for individual should be realistic. While it is good to have targets that are challenging, unreasonably high targets tend to demotivate.
- Use of negative motivation in form of punishment should be avoided as far as possible. Punishment should be used only in extreme cases when positive motivation fail to motivate an individual employee.