Another criminal procedure case that relies on the precedent set in Terry is Michigan v. Long. In this case, the Court (among other things) extended the logic of Terry to allow for the search of a car based on reasonable suspicion. In Long the Court ruled that it was legal to search the interior of a car so long as the police had a reasonable suspicion that a person in the car might gain access to a weapon that could be used against the police. This followed the same logic by which "stop and frisk" was ruled to be legal in Terry.
Oh, the list is endless.
Traffic stops are more in line with Terry v. Ohio, a detention based on less than probable cause, at page 439:
....In both of these respects, the usual traffic stop is more analogous to a so-called "Terry stop," see Terry v. Ohio, 392 U. S. 1 (1968), than to a formal arrest...