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One of the major metaphors in Swift's Gulliver's Travels is the society of the Lilliputians who serve as stand-ins for the people of England at the time. Swift uses them to suggest that the British ways of government and schooling and even the economic system are completely illogical and even immoral.
He also uses other races to contrast those with practical sense and a better sense of morals such as the Brobdingnagians to show how a people could be much more advanced and prosperous if they would have more practical sense and treat each other with more respect.
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