What examples of figurative language can be found in Victor Hugo's Les Misérables?  

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One lesser known type of figurative language that Victor Hugo sometimes makes use of is called an apostrophe, which is different from the punctuation mark. An apostrophe is a moment when an author or character addresses a person that is not actually present. Dr. Wheeler gives us an example from a John Donne poem, "Oh, Death, be not proud" ("Tropes"). In Les Misérables, we see the Bishop of Digne make use of an apostrophe when we see him sitting and meditating on Scripture and then exclaiming to his invisible God, "Oh, you who are!" (Bk. 1, Ch. 5). He then proceeds further to analyze the names of God, ending with, "But Solomon calls you Compassion, and that is the most beautiful of all your names," which further serves to characterize Bienvenu as the compassionate person we see him to be (Ch. 5). However, since in this exclamation and speech he is addressing a God that is spiritually...

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