What is an example of a compound sentence in Romeo and Juliet?
A compound sentence is one that contains two or more related independent clauses (or complete sentences), and they are most often connected with a conjunction word like "and" or "but" (which is preceded by a comma) or a semicolon. (The first sentence above is actually an example of a compound sentence, connected with a comma and the conjunction "and.")
But Montague is bound as well as I,
In penalty alike, and 'tis not hard, I think,
For men as old as we to keep the peace (1.2.1-3).
The first independent clause reads, "But Montague is bound as well as I, / In penalty alike," followed by a comma and then the conjunction "and." The second independent clause reads, "'tis not hard, I think, / For men as old as we to keep the peace."
Another example, from this same scene, is likewise spoken by Lord Capulet. He says,
But woo her, gentle Paris, get her heart;
My will to her consent is but a part (1.2.16-17).
The first independent clause precedes the semicolon on line 16, and the second independent clause follows the semicolon on line 17.
Compound sentences can be found in almost any literary work of considerable length. A compound sentences is formed when two independent clauses (one that is "strong" or complete enough to stand on its own) are joined to become one longer sentence. A compound sentences can be created by joining the two clauses using a comma and conjunction, a semicolon, or a semicolon and conjunctive adverb. It is extremely important to note that a conjunction MUST accompany a comma when it is used to make a compound sentence; otherwise, a comma splice is formed.
There are many examples of compound sentences in Romeo and Juliet. In the first scene of Act I, Benvolio anticipates Romeo's approach and tells his parents, "...So, please you step aside; I'll know his grievance, or be much denied." Many of the compound sentences found in the play are complex, so this is one of the more basic examples to be found.