What is the alliteration, connotation, imagery, personification, figurative language, andrefrain in the poem The Sleeper by Edgar Allan Poe?

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nbixler7 | Middle School Teacher | eNotes Newbie

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alliteration: the repetition of consonant sounds.  For example, the first two lines of the poem focus on the m sound.  The fourth stanza focuses on the f sound.

connotation: implied meaning of a word.  Example - "sleep."

figurative language: does not mean exactly what it says; metaphors, similes, personification, hyperbole, etc.  Example - "Like ghosts, the shadows rise and fall!"

imagery: detailed descriptions that connect to the senses.  Example - "An opiate vapor, dewy, dim . . ."

personification: animals, ideas, objects are given human qualities.  Example - "The rosemary nods . . ."

refrain: repeated part of a poem.  Example - forms of the word "sleep" are repeated.

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