“The Alamo” is the popular name of an old Spanish mission in San Antonio, Texas. The Alamo is historically important because it was the site of a major battle in the Texan war for independence from Mexico.
In 1835, American settlers and others in Texas (which was then part of a state of Mexico) rebelled against the central Mexican government. Some of the Texan rebels besieged the Alamo and the mission was eventually surrendered to them by the Mexican forces in December of 1835. In March of the next year, Mexican forces attacked the Alamo. The Texans defending the mission were eventually killed to the last man. The battle at the Alamo became an important symbol of the determination of the Texan rebels and their desire for independence from Mexico.
The Alamo is a Spanish mission, built in 1718 in what became the city of San Antonio. In 1836, the citizens of the then Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas tired of the dictatorial rule of Mexican president Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna and began a fight for independence, known as the Texas Revolution.
In March of that year, battle between an estimated 180-200 members of a ragtag militia (known as "Texians") and 4,000 Mexican troops took place at the Alamo site. The result of the battle was a Mexican rout; all Texian defenders were killed. However, it is considered a turning point in the Texas Revolution in that it tied up Mexican forces long enough to allow the supreme commander of the Texian army, General Sam Houston, sufficient time to organize his forces; Santa Anna was defeated the following month and Texas gained its independence.